Magnetic anisotropy

Magnetic Anisotropy Magnetic Anisotropy. The term magnetic anisotropy is not a primary unit (see Magnetic Units ), although magnetic... MAGNETIC PROPERTIES OF METALS AND ALLOYS. F.E. LUBORSKY, Magnetic anisotropy is expressed in terms of a series... 1H and 13C Nuclear Magnetic Resonance. Magnetic Anisotropy Magnetic Anisotropy. The term magnetic anisotropy is not a primary unit (see Magnetic Units), although magnetic... Metallic Multilayers and their Applications. Magnetic anisotropy is because of the electronic exchange forces, which can... Recent Advances in Topological Ferroics. Magnetische Anisotropie beschreibt die Tatsache, dass magnetische Materialien eine Vorzugsrichtung oder Vorzugsebene für die Magnetisierung aufweisen können. Das Maß dafür ist die magnetische Anisotropieenergie, die als die Arbeit definiert ist, die benötigt wird, um die Magnetisierung eines geschlossenen Systems aus der leichten Richtung herauszudrehen. Die magnetische Anisotropie bewirkt die Kopplung der Magnetisierung an das Kristallgitter und ist z. B. dafür.

Magnetic Anisotropy - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

  1. Magnetic Anisotropy Difference Between Isotropic and Anisotropic. Isotropic means the same properties in all directions while anisotropic... Magnetic Isotropy. At first the concept of magnetic isotropy seems to be a misnomer. If a magnet is totally isotropic... Magnetocrystalline Anisotropy. In.
  2. erals arises from either fundamental anisotropy in the crystal structure or from the shape of nonspherical ferromagnetic grains. The most common cause of magnetic anisotropy in rocks is the preferential distribution-orientation of the constituting
  3. Materials with high magnetic anisotropy usually have high coercivity, that is, they are hard to demagnetize. These are called hard ferromagnetic materials and are used to make permanent magnets. For example, the high anisotropy of rare-earth metals is mainly responsible for the strength of rare-earth magnets. During manufacture of magnets, a powerful magnetic field aligns the microcrystalline grains of the metal such that their easy axes of magnetization all point in the same.
  4. NMR 6 - Magnetic anisotropy. Protons attached to simple vinyl groups resonate from 4.5 to 7 ppm. Part of the explanation is that sp 2 carbons are more electronegative, since the bond contains more s character (33% compared to 25%). The carbon s orbital pulls bonds in tighter, away from the attached protons. By itself this does not explain such.

The observed magnetic anisotropy is similar to that of a CGT/TBA superlattice 18. We highlight that the induced anisotropy in our device is not due to ion intercalation but to surface doping. Fig... For a system with an integer spin state and an easy axis of magnetization, this is equal to |D|S 2, where D is the parameter describing the zero-field splitting (i.e., magnetic anisotropy) of the S multiplet (D < 0). When thermal energy is much lower than the height of the barrier, a system previously magnetized will retain its magnetization; on the contrary, on increasing temperature, thermal energy becomes large enough to allow fast relaxation of the magnetization, leading to a.

Magnetic anisotropy strongly affects the shape of hysteresis loops and controls the coercivity and remanence. Anisotropy is also of considerable practical importance because it is exploited in the design of most magnetic materials of commercial importance The magnetocrystalline anisotropy energy Ea is necessary to rotate all magnetic moments towards the direction of an external field (saturation). This texture dependent propterty is of special interest for electrical steels The orientation of the magnetic easy axis for 1 deviates from the normal direction (by 10.3°) due to the stronger equatorial interactions between Dy III and methyl groups. Moreover, its magnetic axes show a temperature‐dependent shifting, which is caused by the competition between exchange interactions and Zeeman interactions. Studies of fluorescence and specific heat as well as ab initio calculations reveal the significant influences of the bridging ligands on their low‐lying exchange. The anisotropy in magnetic phenomena is well established in theoretical and experimentalinvestigations.We refer to standardtextbooks,e.g.[1-4].Although this is common knowledge and standard part of teaching in solid state physics, in recent years a revival happened with an enormous number of new results and publications, in particular for itinerant magnets

Magnetic anisotropy is a very important parameter in connection with the characterization of materials utilized in technical applications, particularly magnetic recording media. The usual method for anisotropy determinations is torque magnetometry, which directly measures the macroscopic torque exerted by an applied field on the magnetization of a sample that is not precisely aligned with the. In magnetic ions with a finite orbital moment, magnetic anisotropy scales like , where λ is the magnetic ion atomic spin-orbit coupling. However, when the orbital moment is quenched ( ), this lowest order non-zero contribution arises from quantum fluctuations of the orbital moment, and is given by , where is the energy separation with the crystal field excited states of the ion In section 5, the influence of an adsorbate coverage on the magnetic anisotropy of ultrathin films is presented. Section 6 describes the nanopatterning of magnetic anisotropy by self-organized growth, and section 7 extends the anisotropy measurement and its discussion to the atomic limit. 2. The magnetic anisotropy of bulk and nanoscale sample

We present a comprehensive investigation of the anisotropic magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of quasi-two-dimensional weak itinerant ferromagnet trigonal Cr5Te8 single crystals. Magnetic-anisotropy-induced satellite transition T ∗ is observed at low fields applied parallel to the ab plane below the Curie temperature (T c ∼230 K) Major improvements could come from using both torques, but that idea is actually not so simple. The authors study the interplay of several effects during the switching of a nanomagnet, and find that the voltage-controlled reduction of magnetic anisotropy and self-heating can minimize writing latency, whereas STT can speed up magnetization reversal. A compact analytical model separates and predicts the impact of these effects on writing efficiency, and allows optimization of design. Modern STT-MRAM is based upon nanoscale MTJs with strong perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) that forces the easy magnetization axis to be perpendicular to the plane of the sample, or so called.. Magnetic anisotropy is a very important property in magnetochemistry. Its knowledge allows us to obtain a fundamental understanding of the electronic structure of both simple paramagnetic species and of magnetically coupled systems. The difficulties associated with its experimental determination have so far limited its investigation. Recently new experimental techniques using superconducting.

Magnetische Anisotropie - Wikipedi

Magnetic anisotropy is the directional dependence of a material's magnetic properties. The magnetic moment of magnetically anisotropic materials will tend to align with an easy axis, which is an energetically favorable direction of spontaneous magnetization. The two opposite directions along an easy axis are usually equivalent, and the actual direction of magnetization can be along either of. External magnetic field H || is applied in-plane and perpendicularly to the magnetization (along a hard axis). As a result, the magnetization turns towards the magnetic field. The magnetic field, at which the magnetization turns completely in-plane, is called the anisotropy field H anis.The H anis is a measure of the strength of the perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) Engineering magnetic anisotropy in two-dimensional systems has enormous scientific and technological implications. The uniaxial anisotropy universally exhibited by two-dimensional magnets has only two stable spin directions, demanding 180° spin switching between states. We demonstrate a previously unobserved eightfold anisotropy in magnetic SrRuO3 monolayers by inducing a spin reorientation.

Using first-principles calculations, we systematically investigate the effect of strain on the electronic structure and magnetic anisotropy energy (MAE) of monolayer CrSI. The results demonstrate that the easy axis of unstrained monolayer CrSI is parallel to the in-plane [100] axis and the MAE of monolayer CrSI is mainly contributed by the spin-polarized p-orbitals of nonmetallic I atoms. [...] properties such as the magnetic moment (magnetization per unit volume), the anisotropy (the strength with [...] which the magnetization likes to align along a given direction), and the exchange (the level of atomic coupling between adjacent grains that tends to make the magnetization of adjacent grains point the same direction) In isotropic magnets, the direction of magnetisation is random and, as a result, the adhesive force is lower than in anisotropic magnets. On the other hand, anisotropic magnets are exclusively magnetised in a predetermined direction and thus have a higher adhesive force. Our neodymium, ferrite and AlNiCo magnets are all anisotropic. Some magnetic tapes and sheets are anisotropic, while others.

Skip navigation. Zur Startseite; Auflistung nach . Bereiche & Sammlungen; Auflistung nach: Erscheinungsdatu perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA).2,3) Systems with PMA take advantage of either volume anisotropy properties, as in, for example, Fe-based alloys,4) or anisotropy at an interface between Co and a heavy metal5) or between Fe and CoFe alloys and MgO.6-8) Recently, numerous groups have also studied the effect of a capping or underlayer material on PMA.9-15) In addition to the broadly. Your search results: magnetic anisotropy Showing 1 - 20 results of 22,263 for search 'magnetic anisotropy', query time: 1.48s Narrow search . Results per page. Sort. Select all | with selected: result_checkbox_label. 1 Journal Article. On Approaching the Limit of Molecular Magnetic Anisotropy: A Near‐Perfect Pentagonal Bipyramidal Dysprosium(III) Single‐Molecule Magnet. Over 45 Years In Business. Inductors, Chokes & Coils Available The magnetic anisotropy of a benzene ring (A), alkene (B), carbonyl (C), alkyne (D), and a more complex molecule (E) are shown in the figure. Each of these unsaturated functional groups (A-D) create a tiny magnetic field and hence some local anisotropic regions (shown as cones) in which the shielding effects and the chemical shifts are unusual. The bisazo compound (E) shows that the designated.

Magnetic Anisotropy - Ideal Magnet Solutions Knowledge Bas

  1. e the rock fabric and has been used to solve a variety of geologic problems
  2. ing the Magnetic Anisotropy. Description: Magnetocrystalline Anisotropy Energy deter
  3. The magnetic anisotropy energy of the Cr 2 I 3 Cl 3 bilayer is larger than that of the Cr 2 I 3 Br 3 bilayer, which can be attributed to the enhanced contribution of the hybridized I p x and p y orbitals of the Cr 2 I 3 Cl 3 bilayer. Additionally, the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction of the Cr 2 I 3 Br 3 bilayer can also be modulated by the combination modes. These results can boost the.
  4. Definition of magnetic anisotropy in the Definitions.net dictionary. Meaning of magnetic anisotropy. What does magnetic anisotropy mean? Information and translations of magnetic anisotropy in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web
  5. A new type of magnetic anisotropy has been discovered which is best described as an exchange anisotropy. This anisotropy is the result of an interaction between an antiferromagnetic material and a ferromagnetic material. The material that exhibits this exchange anisotropy is a compact of fine particles of cobalt with a cobaltous oxide shell
  6. Magnetic anisotropy is the directional dependence of a material's magnetic properties. | Review and cite MAGNETIC ANISOTROPY protocol, troubleshooting and other methodology information | Contact.
Magnetic anisotropy in (III,Mn)V

There is a big effort in industry to produce electrical devices with more and faster memory and logic. Magnetic memory elements, such as in a hard drive, and in the future in what is called MRAM (magnetic random access memory), use electrica This inclination growth causes in-plane anisotropy of the magnetic property of the layer. The simple growth technique of the ferromagnetic layers on compound semiconductor substrates indicates high potentiality of development in magnetic material—III-V semiconductor hybrid devices

Moreover, its magnetic axes show a temperature-dependent shifting, which is caused by the competition between exchange interactions and Zeeman interactions. Studies of fluorescence and specific heat as well as ab initio calculations reveal the significant influences of the bridging ligands on their low-lying exchange-based energy levels and, consequently, low-temperature magnetic properties Magnetic anisotropy. 2. Transition metals: crystal structure and anisotropy. 3. Hard and easy axis. 4. Derivation of hysteresis loop for a single domain ferromagnet. 5. Coercive field vs. saturation magnetization. Questions you should be able to answer by the end of today's lecture . 1. What is the origin of magnetic anisotropy? 2. What are hard and easy axis in transition metals? 3. Why.

Video: Magnetic Anisotropy SpringerLin

High Magnetic Anisotropy Materials. Takao Suzuki . MINT Center. MINT Seminar (2/6/2015) 1. Contents. 1. Introduction 2. Origin of Magnetic Anisotropy 3. High Magnetic Anisotropy Materials 4. L1 0 FePt 5. m-DO 19 (Co-Ni) 3 Pt 6. m-DO 19 Fe 3 Pt 7. Low Temperature Phase (LTP) MnBi 8. Summary MINT Seminar (2/6/2015) 2. 3. Dynamic. Static. H k, H c (Oe) 1. 1,000 . 10,000. Sensor . Data Storage. The magnetic anisotropy of herbertsmithite was successfully determined by EPR in Ref. [ 22 ]. Based on relatively small g -shifts (of the order of 15%, as typical for Cu 2+ ions [ 4, 5 ]), it was argued that the antisymmetric DM interaction ( Eq. (5)) dominates the magnetic anisotropy in this compound Magnetic anisotropy and interparticle interactions. The evolution of the magnetic anisotropy with respect to the cobalt content can be clearly observed from M(H) curves measured at 5 K (Figure 5a and Table 3). The M(H) loops show a progressive increment in coercivity with increasing Co content. We can roughly estimate the anisotropy constant. Magnetic anisotropy (MA) provides directionality and stability to magnetization. Strategies to scale up the MA of ferromagnetic 3d metals have relied on introducing heavy elements within or next to the ferromagnet in order to enhance the spin-orbit coupling energy. Rare-earth transition-metal alloys, such as TbCoFe (), and binary multilayers, such as Co/Pt and Co/Pd (), are used as magnetic.

magnetic anisotropyの意味や使い方 磁気異方性 - 約1174万語ある英和辞典・和英辞典。発音・イディオムも分かる英語辞書 Magnetic anisotropy is not manifested on a macroscopic scale in isotropic gases and liquids or in polycrystalline solids. On the other hand, in single crystals it leads to major observable effects, such as the difference in the value of magnetic susceptibility of paramagnetic crystals along different directions. Magnetic anisotropy is particularly great in ferromagnetic single crystals, where. The voltage-controlled magnetic anisotropy (VCMA) effect is expected to be a key technology for low-power spin manipulation in future spintronic devices. 1,2 1. M

Classes of Magnetic Materials; 3. Magnetic Anisotropy; 4. Domain Theory; 5. Thermally Activated Magnetizations; 6. Types of Remanence; 7. References; Software. IRM Software; Other Software; Short Courses and Lecture Notes ; Other Resources; Welcome to the IRM. Serving the magnetic community since 1990 The Institute for Rock Magnetism is in Reduced Operations Mode. Due to the current situation. Large perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) in transition metal thin films provides a pathway for enabling the intriguing physics of nanomagnetism and developing broad spintronics applications. After decades of searches for promising materials, the energy scale of PMA of transition metal thin films, unfortunately, remains only about 1 meV Magnetic anisotropy means that the magnetic properties depend on the direction in which they are measured. It strongly affects the shape of the M-H curve. Key phenomenon used in the design of most commercial magnetic materials. Kinds of anisotropy: a) Crystal anisotropy (magnetocrystalline anisotropy) b) Shape anisotropy c) Stress anisotropy d) Exchange anisotropy e) Anisotropy induced by.

The tuning of anisotropy has a direct impact on the performance of functional magnetic nanoparticles in biomedical applications such as contrast enhancement in magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic hyperthermia for cancer therapy. I will focus on the role of tuning surface and interfacial anisotropy with a goal to enhance specific absorption rate or heating efficiency. Strategies going. Induced transverse magnetic anisotropy occurs mainly in the crystalline phase and is caused by the increased ordering of atoms due to the formation of pairs of atoms with the orientation that ensures the most advantageous orientation of their magnetic moment with respect to the direction of the applied magnetic field. Two facts indicate this. Firstly, the anisotropy is induced during heating. The as-deposited films with CoFeB layer thickness from 0.8 to 1.3 nm show perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA). After annealing at a proper temperature, the PMA of the films can be enhanced remarkably. A maximum effective anisotropy field of up to 9 kOe was obtained for 1.0- and 1.1-nm-thick CoFeB layers annealed at an optimum temperature of 300 °C. A 4-kOe magnetic field was applied. Translations in context of magnetic anisotropy in English-French from Reverso Context: a reference layer composed of a ferromagnetic material having in-plane magnetic anisotropy The isotropic magnetic moment of a free atom is shown to develop giant magnetic anisotropy energy due to symmetry reduction at an atomically ordered surface. Single cobalt atoms deposited onto platinum (111) are found to have a magnetic anisotropy energy of 9 millielectron volts per atom arising from the combination of unquenched orbital moments (1.1 Bohr magnetons) and strong spin-orbit.

Magnetocrystalline anisotropy - Wikipedi

Magnetic interactions vs anisotropy dipol-dipol interaction Þ shape anisotropy in epitaxial (III,Mn)V the crystalline anisotropy dominates over exchange interaction Þ crystalline anisotropy shape anisotropy compressive tensile strain strain X. Liu et al., Phys. Rev. B 67, 205204 (2003) W. L. Lim et al., Phys. Rev. B 74, 045303 (2006) K. Non-coplanar spin textures with scalar spin chirality can generate an effective magnetic field that deflects the motion of charge carriers, resulting in a topological Hall effect (THE) 1-3.However, spin chirality fluctuations in two-dimensional ferromagnets with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy have not been considered so far

Chemistry: NMR 6 - Magnetic anisotrop

Controlling the magnetic anisotropy in Cr 2 Ge 2 Te 6 by

Studies show that the magnetic properties are strongly affected by the magnetic anisotropy of NPs and by interparticle interactions that are the result of the collective magnetic behavior of NPs. Here we study these effects in more detail. For this purpose, we prepared CoxFe3−xO4 NPs, with x = 0-1 in steps of 0.2, from soft magnetic (Fe3O4) to hard magnetic (CoFe2O4) ferrite, with a. The temperature, magnetic field, thickness and carrier-type dependence of the THE signal, along with Monte Carlo simulations, suggest that spin chirality fluctuations are a common phenomenon in two-dimensional ferromagnets with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. Our results open a path for exploring spin chirality with topological Hall transport in two-dimensional magnets and beyond4-7.

The Intricate Determination of Magnetic Anisotropy in

3. Magnetic Anisotropy College of Science and Engineerin

Magnetoresistance anisotropy in Si/SiGe in tilted magnetic fields: Experimental evidence for a stripe-phase formation . X-ray magnetic circular dichroism measurements reveal a Curie temperature (Tc) of ~344 K for the Cr3Te4 monolayer with an out-of-plane magnetic easy axis, which decreases to ~240 K for the thicker film (~ 7 nm) with an in-plane easy axis. The enhancement of ferromagnetic coupling and the magnetic anisotropy transition is ascribed to interfacial effects, in particular the orbital overlap at the. Measurements of the magnetic anisotropy of rocks with a high-field torque magnetometer | Bergmüller, Felix | ISBN: 9781983343957 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon

NMR- Diamagnetic Anisotropy and its effect on chemical shift

Magnetic Anisotropy MTE

The magnetic anisotropy has to be strong in order to prevent reorientation of the magnet and, therefore, a loss of its stored information. In this study, researchers created a strong nanomagnet by placing a single nickel atom in a very specific geometry within a molecule, fully maximizing its anisotropy. Using a technique called electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), scientists measured a. Superconductors and Magnetic Materials Lab. Seoul National University (1) Magnetic Anisotropy (continued) Application of a field when there is magnetic anisotropy. A torque is exerted on μ S, but S may be coupled to L. Two limiting responses (1) The crystal field energy D (coupling L to the lattice) (2) The spin-orbit interaction (coupling L to S Magnetic anisotropy (0) 2011.12.09: Tunneling Magnetoresistance(TMR), Magnetic Tunnel Junction(MTJ) (0) 2011.10.16: Magnetic Anisotropy Constant for selected materials (0) 2011.09.30: Summary of magnetic anisotropy constant (0) 2011.09.30: Simple explanation of GMR effect (0) 2011.05.30: Spin-polarized current, Spin-Torque, Magneto-Resistance.

Experimental Determination of Magnetic Anisotropy in

A strategy to modulate the magnetic anisotropy of ultra-thin ferromagnets. Ball-and-stick model of the crystal structure of Cr2Ge2Te6 covered with the ion gel. The red arrows represent the magnetic moments of Cr atoms. Credit: Verzhbitskiy et al. Electrical control of the magnetism of novel two-dimensional ferromagnetic semiconductors could. magnetic anisotropy. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Jump to navigation Jump to search. English Noun . magnetic anisotropy (uncountable) The dependence of any magnetic property of a material on the direction in which it is measured..

MAGNETIC ANISOTROPY AND SOME OTHER MAGNETIC PROPERTIES OF SERPENTINIZED PERIDOTITES FROM ODP HOLE 670A1 M. Mansour Bina,2 Bernard Henry,2 and Mathilde Cannat3 ABSTRACT Magnetic fabrics of serpentinized peridotites are related to anisomorphic magnetite formed during serpentini-zation. In the less serpentinized facies they are, however, mainly mimetic of the high temperature deformation prior to. Various rock magnetic techniques, specific to AMS interpretation, have to be developed for a better assessment of the geological significance of AMS data. These techniques mainly rely on measurements of susceptibility versus magnetic field and temperature, together with anisotropy of remanence Quantifying perpendicular magnetic anisotropy at the Fe-MgO(001) interface C.-H. Lambert,1,2 A. Rajanikanth,1 T. Hauet,1 S. Mangin,1 E. E. Fullerton,2 and S. Andrieu1,a) 1Institut Jean Lamour, UMR CNRS 7198, Universite de Lorraine, 54506 Vandoeuvre le`s Nancy, France 2Center of Magnetic Recording Research, University of California, San Diego, California 92093-0401, US Anisotropie (von altgriechisch ἀν-an-un- [Alpha privativum], ἴσος isos gleich und τρόπος tropos Drehung, Richtung) ist die Richtungsabhängigkeit einer Eigenschaft oder eines Vorgangs. Anisotropie ist das Gegenteil von Isotropie.Der Begriff wird in diesem Sinn in der Physik (z. B. Strahlung, Magnetismus, Ausbreitungsgeschwindigkeit von Erdbebenwellen.

Materials | Free Full-Text | Magnetic Force Microscopy of

magnetic anisotropy detector 例文帳に追加. 磁気異方性検出装置 - 特許庁. 例文. mold for molding anisotropy magnet, method of manufacturing anisotropy magnet, anisotropy magnet and motor using it 例文帳に追加. 異方性磁石成形用金型、異方性磁石の製造方法、異方性磁石およびそれを用いたモータ - 特許庁 >>例文の一覧を見る. Anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility investigations generated a characteristic magnetic signature for each diamicton, demonstrating intrinsic differences in the petrofabrics of the two sediment types. Fossil diatom occurrence and anistropy of magnetic susceptibility are evaluated for their usefulness in differentiating glaclomarlne drift from till. Fossil diatoms in Everson glaciomarine drift. The magnetic fabrics are of medium to low anisotropy (P′ < 1.08) and show moderately oblate ellipsoids (T > 0). Flow-related fabrics are recorded in 75 per cent of the sampled dykes. We infer the flow directions from the imbrication geometry of the magnetic foliation planes at the dyke margins, and check the results by measuring the preferred orientation of plagioclase in thin sections cut. Magnetic Anisotropy of Rocks. D. Tarling, F. Hrouda. Springer Science & Business Media, May 31, 1993 - Science - 218 pages. 0 Reviews. This book provides the background, physical instrumentation and geological aspects behind any study of the magnetic anisotropy of a rock in a comprehensive and practical way. After studying this book, readers in. magnetic anisotropy and, ideally, uni-axial (i.e. Ising-type) anisotropy characterized by a negative . D. value. Interestingly, control of the coordination sphere (geometry, symmetry, ligand field) and relevant electronic configuration for the metal ion allows reaching significant magnetic anisotropy. 3. For instance, weak ligand fields resulting from low coordination numbers are favorable.

PMA Perpendicular magnetic anisotropy VMicromachines | Free Full-Text | Tunnel Junction withProton nuclear magnetic resonance ( 1 H-NMR) spectrum (aA preliminary study of the anisotropy of magnetic

The magnetic anisotropy in the hard magnetic material is formed by oblique deposition in a direction approximately normal to the preferred direction of anisotropy in the resulting hard bias element. A magnetoresistive sensor having an MR stack biased by high anisotropy hard bias elements thereby reducing distortion in sensor operation and improving head to head operational values Correlations between the magnetic anisotropy and the redox-induced structural changes. From NMR analyses of the oxidized species, the magnetic anisotropy (χ ax) on the Tb III ion decreased upon oxidation. To determine the correlation between the structural deformation caused by ligand oxidation and the magnetic anisotropy, we performed point. View Academics in Perpendicular magnetic anisotropy on Academia.edu

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